Orchard Management

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Orchard Management: Rest Breaking

A tree goes into a period of rest in Autumn and remains dormant through the winter. It needs to have a certain number of days of cold after which it will wake up on it’s own. For example, a Golden Delicious tree needs one Richardson unit, which is one thousand one hundred hours of cold below 8 degrees celsius before it will wake up.

To find out more about rest breaking, view the video below:

Orchard Management: Mechanical Platforms

Many operations in the orchard such as pruning, hand thinning, tying and bending of branches and harvesting require the use of ladders.  These ladders need to be carried from tree to tree thereby decreasing labour efficiency.  There are various types of mobile platforms that workers can stand on when working in an orchard. This allows them to reach higher parts of the tree without having to carry a ladder and increases the efficiency of the work force.

To find out more about mechanical platforms, view the video below:

Orchard Management: Drainage

Orchard Management: Drainage is the removal of excessive water from the soil profile.   One can live without water for a few days. Underwater we would drown in a few minutes. The plant is very similar, it cannot live for very long in waterlogged soil. So we use drainage to lower the water table in the soil and to make sure that the roots get enough oxygen.  

To find out more about drainage, view the video below:

Orchard Management: Pollination

Orchard Management: In order for fruit to form on a fruit tree, pollen from one flower needs to be taken to a flower, which it will fertilize. The transfer of pollen grains from the anther of a flower to the stigma of another flower is critical. After reaching the stigma, the pollen grain will grow down the style into the embryo sac, where fertilization takes place. 

To find out more about pollination, view the video below:

Orchard Management: Weed Control

Orchard Management: Well organised weed control can be very beneficial to a farm, badly done it will have a detrimental effect.   Some weeds are needed in the orchard, while there are others that you really don’t want. Let’s have a look at ways to control weeds in the orchards.  

To find out more about weed control, view the video below:

To improve the video quality, click on the cog gear wheel cog on the right at the bottom of the video player and select 360p or higher and restart the video.